Myasthenia gravis – 5 common symptoms
Myasthenia gravis is an autoimmune disorder in which antibodies trigger the destruction of vital nerve links responsible for muscle control. The condition usually affects women between the ages of 20 and 30 and men over 50. Myasthenia gravis is a chronic disease with progressive symptoms that do not have a permanent cure, but they can be managed with treatment options. Here are some of the symptoms one can experience when affected by the disease:
People commonly experience drooping eyelids on either one or both eyes coupled with vertical or horizontal double vision. This condition is also known as ocular myasthenia because the symptoms are limited to the eye muscles.
With muscle weakness in the jaws, basic tasks like chewing food or drinking liquids can also become challenging. One may also get tired eating halfway through a meal.
Changes in facial expression
Some people also experience a change in facial expression due to compromised muscle tone. For instance, those affected might be trying to smile as they usually do, but the condition can make it seem like they are snarling. Additionally, myasthenia gravis can predominantly affect the facial region, starting with the muscles that control speech triggering impaired speech and a nasal voice.
Weak neck muscles
As muscle weakness spreads, it becomes difficult to hold up one’s head. This happens because the neck muscles start to collapse and deteriorate.
Excessive fatigue may also set in, affecting other muscles in the limbs and the rest of the body. This symptom affects basic mobility, including simple tasks like walking, using the arms and legs for basic maneuvering, or even handling daily objects.
These symptoms develop as the disease affects voluntary muscle groups (eye, mouth, and limbs). If the affected person starts experiencing difficulty breathing, swelling, chewing, walking, or experiencing persistent vision problems, they should seek immediate help from a healthcare professional.